By definition, delegation (or passing down) is the assignment of authority and responsibility to another person (normally from a manager to a subordinate) to carry out specific activities. It is one of the core concepts of management leadership. However, the person who delegated the work remains accountable for the outcome of the delegated work. Delegation empowers a subordinate to make decisions, i.e. it is a shift of decision-making authority from one organizational level to a lower one. Delegation, if properly done, is not abdication. The opposite of effective delegation is micromanagement, where a manager provides too much input, direction, and review of delegated work. In general, delegation is good and can save money and time, help in building skills, and motivate people. Poor delegation, on the other hand, might cause frustration and confusion to all the involved parties.
Many people are ending up doing work that could easily be done by others, which would of course free up time to do other things. This is important for managers. Managers should be planning and working with people. Delegation is not only an effective way to get things done, but delegation is an effective way of training. People learn by doing. They can learn by hearing, reading and watching, but nothing teaches better than a hands-on application. Delegation is the road to teaching, mentoring, and coaching. Also, delegation usually gets things done faster as well?